Neurologic complications of Bartonella henselae infection

Curr Opin Neurol. 1995 Jun;8(3):164-9. doi: 10.1097/00019052-199506000-00002.


Bartonella henselae can cause cat scratch disease and bacillary angiomatosis, a multisystem disorder seen primarily in patients with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Both of these diseases are associated with neurologic complications, particularly encephalopathy. B. henselae may also cause bacteremia and endocarditis, and has been associated with aseptic meningitis and with dementia in patients also infected with the human immunodeficiency virus. Recent advances in identification of this difficult-to-culture organism will lead to recognition of more neurologic complications.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • AIDS Dementia Complex / diagnosis
  • AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections / diagnosis
  • Angiomatosis, Bacillary / diagnosis*
  • Bartonella henselae*
  • Cat-Scratch Disease / diagnosis*
  • Encephalitis / diagnosis*
  • Humans
  • Meningitis, Aseptic / diagnosis*
  • Neurologic Examination
  • Retinitis / diagnosis*