Effects of muscimol on the place learning in Morris water maze task were investigated in rats. Rats were given 4 training trials per day with the submerged platform at a fixed location in the maze for 4 days. On day 4, rats were required to swim in the pool without the platform after 4 training trials (probe test). Compared to the saline-treated rats, the rats treated with muscimol on day 1-4 showed no modifications of place learning in the training trials and the probe test. However, in the rats treated with muscimol on day 1-3 and treated with saline on day 4, there was increased latency to reach the platform and reduced duration in the quadrant where the platform had been located on day 4. The increased latency in the training trials and reduced duration in the probe test on day 4 was blocked by bicuculline, when bicuculline and muscimol were co-administered on day 1-3, and saline was injected on day 4. Moreover, in the rats treated with muscimol on day 1-3, co-administration of bicuculline and muscimol on day 4 blocked place learning: increased latency in the training trials and reduced duration in the probe test was observed. These results suggest that muscimol induces state-dependent learning (SDL) in Morris water maze task, and that muscimol-induced SDL is mediated by GABAA receptors.