An evaluation of knee extensor and knee flexor torques and EMGs in patients with patellofemoral pain syndrome in comparison with matched controls

Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 1995;3(2):89-94. doi: 10.1007/BF01552381.


The relationship between concentric and eccentric isokinetic torques and EMGs of quadriceps and hamstring muscles in patients with unilateral patellofemoral pain was studied in 27 patients (13 males, 14 females). The patients and a group of controls matched for age, gender, and physical activity were tested on a Kin-Com dynamometer at 60 degrees/s and 180 degrees/s angular velocity. EMGs were recorded for eight of the patients and their matched controls. In addition, the reproducibility of isokinetic measurements made under the same conditions but on different occasions in patients with patellofemoral pain was evaluated. Twenty-one patients (11 males, 10 females) underwent testing of their quadriceps and hamstring muscles two or three times on a Kin-Com dynamometer. This was performed both concentrically and eccentrically in their painful leg while the patients evaluated their knee pain using Borg's pain scale. The data show that the patients had a significantly lower agonist as well as antagonist EMG activity during knee extension measurements in their painful leg compared with the controls. However, there were no differences in either agonist or antagonist EMG activities during knee flexion measurements between the patients and the controls. The quadriceps muscle torque was considerably weaker in the patients' painful leg compared with both their asymptomatic leg and with the controls. Peak torque for knee extension was reached at a mean of 66 degrees of knee flexion for both patients and controls. However, the patients showed a considerably wider range within which they produced their peak torque in their painful leg than in their asymptomatic and also in comparison with the controls.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Electromyography
  • Female
  • Femur / physiopathology
  • Humans
  • Knee Joint / physiopathology*
  • Leg / physiopathology
  • Male
  • Matched-Pair Analysis
  • Muscle, Skeletal / physiopathology
  • Pain / physiopathology*
  • Patella / physiopathology
  • Sex Factors
  • Syndrome