An EtOAc extract of Artemisiae Capillari Spica inhibited both bovine lens aldose reductase (bovine-LAR) and rabbit platelet aggregation. Two simple coumarins, scoparone (1) and scopoletin (2), and three flavonoids, capillarisin (21), cirsimaritin (22) and rhamnocitrin (23), were isolated from this extract. Scoparone (1) and scopoletin (2) exhibit a potent inhibitory effect on rabbit platelet aggregation induced by four types of agent, ADP, PAF, sodium arachidonate and/or collagen. Capillarisin (21) exhibits a potent inhibitory effect on bovine-LAR. In addition, thirteen simple coumarins, five coumarin glycosides and two flavonoids were tested for their inhibitory effect against bovine-LAR and rabbit platelet aggregation.