Characterization of superoxide dismutase genes from gram-positive bacteria by polymerase chain reaction using degenerate primers

FEMS Microbiol Lett. 1995 Aug 15;131(1):41-5. doi: 10.1016/0378-1097(95)00232-t.


An internal fragment representing approximately 85% of sod genes from seven Gram-positive bacteria was amplified by using degenerate primers in a polymerase chain reaction assay. The DNA sequences of sod polymerase chain reaction products from Clostridium perfringens, Enterococcus faecalis, Enterococcus faecium, Lactococcus lactis, Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus agalactiae, Streptococcus pneumoniae, and Streptococcus pyogenes were determined. Comparisons of their deduced amino acid sequences with those of the corresponding regions of the SOD proteins from Bacillus stearothermophilus, Listeria monocytogenes, and Streptococcus mutans revealed strong relatedness. Phylogenetic analysis of SOD peptides showed that members of the genera Streptococcus and those of the genera Enterococcus constitute two well-supported monophyletic groups. The method described in this study provides a means for easy recovery of sod genes and the construction of sod mutants of various Gram-positive pathogens.

MeSH terms

  • Base Sequence
  • DNA Primers / genetics*
  • DNA, Bacterial / analysis
  • Gram-Positive Bacteria / enzymology*
  • Gram-Positive Bacteria / genetics
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Phylogeny
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Sequence Analysis, DNA
  • Superoxide Dismutase / genetics*


  • DNA Primers
  • DNA, Bacterial
  • Superoxide Dismutase

Associated data

  • GENBANK/Z49062
  • GENBANK/Z49243
  • GENBANK/Z49244
  • GENBANK/Z49245
  • GENBANK/Z49246
  • GENBANK/Z49247
  • GENBANK/Z49248
  • GENBANK/Z49249