Human fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase gene (FBP1): exon-intron organization, localization to chromosome bands 9q22.2-q22.3, and mutation screening in subjects with fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase deficiency

Genomics. 1995 Jun 10;27(3):520-5. doi: 10.1006/geno.1995.1085.


Fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase (EC is a key regulatory enzyme of gluconeogenesis that catalyzes the hydrolysis of fructose-1,6-bisphosphate to generate fructose-6-phosphate and inorganic phosphate. Deficiency of fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase is associated with fasting hypoglycemia and metabolic acidosis because of impaired gluconeogenesis. We have cloned and characterized the human liver fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase gene (FBP1). FBP1, localized to chromosome bands 9q22.2-q22.3 by fluorescence in situ hybridization, consists of seven exons that span > 31 kb, and the six introns are in the same position as in the rat gene. FBP1 was screened for mutations in two subjects with fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase deficiency. Four nucleotide substitutions were identified, two of which were silent mutations in the codons for Ala-216 (GCT-->GCC) and Gly-319 (GGG-->GGA). The other substitutions were in intron 3, a C-->T substitution 7 nucleotides downstream from the splice donor site, and in the promoter region, an A-->T substitution 188 nucleotides upstream from the start of transcription. These nucleotide substitutions were also found in normal unaffected subjects and thus are not the cause of fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase deficiency in the two subjects studied. The molecular basis of hepatic fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase deficiency in these subjects remains undetermined but could result from unidentified mutations in the promoter that decrease expression or from mutations in another gene that indirectly lead to decreased fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase activity.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Chromosome Mapping
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 9*
  • DNA Primers / genetics
  • DNA, Complementary / genetics
  • Exons
  • Female
  • Fructose-1,6-Diphosphatase Deficiency / enzymology*
  • Fructose-1,6-Diphosphatase Deficiency / genetics*
  • Fructose-Bisphosphatase / genetics*
  • Humans
  • In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence
  • Introns
  • Liver / enzymology
  • Male
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Point Mutation*
  • Rats


  • DNA Primers
  • DNA, Complementary
  • Fructose-Bisphosphatase

Associated data

  • GENBANK/U21925
  • GENBANK/U21926
  • GENBANK/U21927
  • GENBANK/U21928
  • GENBANK/U21929
  • GENBANK/U21930
  • GENBANK/U21931