Characterization of B27 haplotypes by oligotyping and genomic sequencing in the Mexican Mestizo population with ankylosing spondylitis: juvenile and adult onset

Hum Immunol. 1995 Jul;43(3):174-80. doi: 10.1016/0198-8859(94)00156-k.


The aim of this study was to investigate the contribution of the different B27 subtypes in the Mexican Mestizo population with juvenile and adult AS. No differences in the distribution of B27 subtypes were found between both populations, B*2705 being the predominant subtype followed by B*2702. Transracial gene mapping was performed in order to find out the origin of the B27 alleles of the Mexican Mestizos. A PCR with SSOPs was used to analyze the polymorphism in exons 2 and 3 of HLA-B27 and HLA-C related alleles. This population shares with the Spanish Caucasians B*2705 and B*2702, which are absent in Central and South American Indians. AS and healthy Mexican mestizo donors were analyzed to ascertain B27/Cw haplotypes. The B27/Cw linkage arrangements seen in mestizos are similar to those reported for Caucasian Spaniards with three different haplotypes positively associated with AS in both populations, B*2705/Cw*0102, B*2705/Cw*02022, and B*2702/Cw*02022, suggesting that B27 in Mexicans may be due to a recent Caucasoid admixture with the Spanish genes. Finally, a strategy for sequence analysis of exons 2 and 3 from genomic DNA of HLA-B27 alleles was developed. A novel HLA-B27-like allele typed serologically as B27 was identified and sequenced by this method in a healthy Mexican mestizo, corresponding to the B*7301 variant found with low frequency in different populations. Analysis of the association of B*7301 to AS would require an extensive study in different populations and could provide insights into the molecular structure of the alleles involved in the disease.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Alleles
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Base Sequence
  • Female
  • HLA-B27 Antigen / genetics*
  • HLA-C Antigens / genetics
  • Haplotypes*
  • Hispanic or Latino / genetics
  • Histocompatibility Testing
  • Humans
  • Indians, Central American / genetics
  • Male
  • Mexico
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Oligodeoxyribonucleotides / genetics*
  • Sequence Analysis, DNA
  • Spondylitis, Ankylosing / genetics*
  • White People / genetics


  • HLA-B27 Antigen
  • HLA-C Antigens
  • Oligodeoxyribonucleotides