Proliferation and clonal survival of human lung cancer cells treated with fractionated irradiation in combination with paclitaxel

Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 1995 Oct 15;33(3):635-9. doi: 10.1016/0360-3016(95)00216-l.


Purpose: This study was performed to determine the effects of a continuous exposure to paclitaxel (taxol) in combination with fractionated irradiation on cell proliferation and survival.

Methods and materials: Human lung carcinoma cells (SW1573) were given a daily treatment with 3 Gy of x-rays during 5 days in the continuous presence of 5 nM taxol. The surviving fraction and the total number of cells were determined every 24 h before and immediately after irradiation.

Results: Irradiation with 5 x 3 Gy and 5 nM taxol cause approximately the same inhibition of cell proliferation. In combination these treatments have an additional effect and the cell population increases no further after the first 24 h. Whereas the cells become more resistant to taxol after the first 24 h with a minimum survival of 42%, taxol progressively reduces the population of surviving cells in combination with x-rays when the number of fractions increases, up to 25-fold relative to irradiation alone. The enhancement effect of 5 nM taxol is likely to be attributed to an inhibition of the repopulation during fractionated irradiation and not to an increased radiosensitivity. Only after treatment with 10 or 100 nM taxol for 24 h, which is attended with a high cytotoxicity, is moderate radiosensitization observed.

Conclusion: Taxol, continuously present at a low concentration with little cytotoxicity, causes a progressive reduction of the surviving cell population in combination with fractionated irradiation, mainly by an inhibition of the repopulation of surviving cells between the dose fractions.

MeSH terms

  • Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology
  • Cell Division / drug effects*
  • Cell Division / radiation effects*
  • Cell Survival / drug effects*
  • Cell Survival / radiation effects*
  • Drug Screening Assays, Antitumor
  • Humans
  • Lung Neoplasms / pathology
  • Paclitaxel / pharmacology*
  • Radiation Dosage
  • Radiation-Sensitizing Agents / pharmacology*
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured


  • Radiation-Sensitizing Agents
  • Paclitaxel