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Clinical Trial
, 35 (6), 855-64

Intravenous Ciprofloxacin as Treatment for Patients With Acute Suppurative Cholangitis: A Randomized, Controlled Clinical Trial

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Clinical Trial

Intravenous Ciprofloxacin as Treatment for Patients With Acute Suppurative Cholangitis: A Randomized, Controlled Clinical Trial

J J Sung et al. J Antimicrob Chemother.

Abstract

One hundred consecutive patients with acute suppurative cholangitis were randomized in a prospective, controlled clinical trial to receive either ciprofloxacin (200 mg bd iv) or triple therapy comprising ceftazidime (1 g bd iv), ampicillin (500 mg qds iv) and metronidazole (500 mg tds iv); 46 and 44 patients in the ciprofloxacin and triple therapy groups respectively were suitable for inclusion in the analysis of efficacy. In two-thirds of the patients biliary obstruction was caused by ductal calculi and in one-third by malignant or benign strictures of the biliary tract. Bacteraemia was documented in 38% of patients in the ciprofloxacin group and in 34% of patients in the triple therapy group, while bile cultures were positive in 87% and 92% of patients in the ciprofloxacin and triple therapy groups respectively. Escherichia coli, Klebsiella spp. and Enterococcus spp. were the most common biliary isolates. Eighty-five per cent of evaluable patients in the ciprofloxacin group and 77% of those in the triple therapy group responded to therapy. The mean durations of fever, septicaemic shock and hospitalization were also similar in the two treatment groups. Six (13%) patients in the ciprofloxacin group and seven (16%) in the triple therapy group required urgent endoscopy or surgery for uncontrolled infection. Recurrence of fever after an initial response was documented in one (2%) patient receiving ciprofloxacin and in three (7%) patients receiving triple therapy. The incidences of mortality were 4% in the ciprofloxacin group and 2% in the triple therapy group. The results of this study suggest that ciprofloxacin alone is adequate empirical therapy for patients with cholangitis.

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