Molecular epidemiology of a fast-food restaurant-associated outbreak of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in Washington State

J Clin Microbiol. 1995 Aug;33(8):2155-8. doi: 10.1128/JCM.33.8.2155-2158.1995.

Abstract

We studied the molecular epidemiology of the recent fast-food restaurant chain-associated Escherichia coli O157:H7 outbreak in Washington State. Genomic DNAs prepared from strains isolated from 433 patients were probed with radiolabelled Shiga-like toxin (SLT) I and SLT II genes and bacteriophage lambda DNA and were subsequently analyzed for their restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) patterns. The SLT RFLP and lambda RFLP profiles of an E. coli O157:H7 strain isolated from the incriminated beef and prototype patient were compared with those of the patient isolates for determination of the concordance between patterns. Of the 377 patients with primary and secondary cases of infection epidemiologically linked to the outbreak, isolates from 367 (97.3%) of the patients displayed SLT RFLP and lambda RFLP profiles identical to those of the outbreak strains. Isolates from 10 of the 377 (2.6%) patients possessed SLT RFLP and lambda RFLP profiles different from those of the outbreak strains, and the patients from whom those isolates were obtained were subsequently characterized as having non-outbreak-related infections. The E. coli O157:H7 strains isolated from 31 of 44 (70.4%) patients who were epidemiologically excluded from the outbreak were linked to the outbreak by RFLP typing. Our results indicate that SLT RFLP and lambda RFLP analyses are stable and sensitive methods, and when they are used in conjunction with an epidemiological investigation they could result in an earlier recognition of outbreaks and their sources, hence prompting measures to prevent the continued transmission of E. coli O157:H7.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Bacterial Toxins / genetics
  • Bacterial Typing Techniques
  • Bacteriophage lambda / genetics
  • Cattle
  • DNA Probes
  • Disease Outbreaks*
  • Escherichia coli / classification*
  • Escherichia coli / genetics*
  • Escherichia coli / virology
  • Escherichia coli Infections / epidemiology*
  • Escherichia coli Infections / microbiology
  • Food Microbiology*
  • Genes, Bacterial
  • Humans
  • Meat / microbiology
  • Molecular Epidemiology
  • Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length
  • Shiga Toxin 1
  • Shiga Toxin 2
  • Washington / epidemiology

Substances

  • Bacterial Toxins
  • DNA Probes
  • Shiga Toxin 1
  • Shiga Toxin 2