Acute stimulatory effect of estradiol on striatal dopamine synthesis

J Neurochem. 1995 Oct;65(4):1651-7. doi: 10.1046/j.1471-4159.1995.65041651.x.


The acute effect of physiological doses of estradiol (E2) on the dopaminergic activity in the striatum was studied. In a first series of experiments, ovariectomized rats were injected with 17 alpha or 17 beta E2 (125, 250, or 500 ng/kg of body weight, s.c.), and in situ tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) activity (determined by DOPA accumulation in the striatum after intraperitoneal administration of NSD 1015) was quantified. A dose-dependent increase in striatal TH activity was observed within minutes after 17 beta (but not 17 alpha) E2 treatment. To examine whether E2 acts directly on the striatum, in a second series of experiments, anesthetized rats were implanted in the striatum with a push-pull cannula supplied with an artificial CSF containing [3H]tyrosine. The extracellular concentrations of total and tritiated dopamine (DA) and 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC) were measured at 20-min intervals. Addition of 10(-9) M 17 beta (but not 17 alpha) E2 to the superfusing fluid immediately evoked an approximately 50% increase in [3H]DA and [3H]DOPAC extracellular concentrations, but total DA and DOPAC concentrations remained constant. This selective increase in the newly synthesized DA and DOPAC release suggested that E2 affects DA synthesis rather than DA release. Finally, to determine whether this rapid E2-induced stimulation of DA synthesis was a consequence of an increase in TH level of phosphorylation, the enzyme constant of inhibition by DA (Ki(DA)) was calculated. Incubation of striatal slices in the presence of 10(-9) M 17 beta (but not 17 alpha) E2 indeed evoked an approximate twofold increase in the Ki(DA) of one form of the enzyme.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

MeSH terms

  • 3,4-Dihydroxyphenylacetic Acid / metabolism
  • Animals
  • Corpus Striatum / drug effects*
  • Corpus Striatum / metabolism*
  • Dopamine / biosynthesis*
  • Enzyme Inhibitors / pharmacology
  • Estradiol / pharmacology*
  • Female
  • Hydrazines / pharmacology
  • Rats
  • Rats, Wistar
  • Tyrosine 3-Monooxygenase / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Tyrosine 3-Monooxygenase / metabolism


  • Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Hydrazines
  • 3,4-Dihydroxyphenylacetic Acid
  • Estradiol
  • 3-hydroxybenzylhydrazine
  • Tyrosine 3-Monooxygenase
  • Dopamine