Kt/V in CAPD by different estimations of V

Kidney Int. 1995 Aug;48(2):563-9. doi: 10.1038/ki.1995.328.


This study compared the measurements of total body water (TBW) by 58% body weight (TBW58%), the Watson equation (TBWWV) and bioelectric impedance (TBWBIA) with the gold standard, Deuterium oxide (TBWD2O) dilution method in twenty continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients. TBW volumes were highest when calculated as TBW58% (42.6 +/- 9.4 liter) and lowest when calculated from TBWWV (34.6 +/- 6.8 liter). TBWBIA underestimated TBW when compared to TBWD2O, although the difference was not statistically significant (37.1 +/- 9.8 liter and 38.8 +/- 9.3 liter, respectively). In fact, TBWBIA correlated strongly with TBWD2O (r = 0.8, P < 0.0001). These discrepancies resulted in significant differences when Kt/V week-1 derived from the four methods were compared. To determine the effect of percent fat mass on the estimation of TBW by each method, we compared TBW and Kt/V week-1 derived from the four methods in nine CAPD patients who had normal percent fat mass (Non-Obese) and 11 CAPD patients who had greater than normal % fat mass (Obese). In the Non-Obese group, there was close correlation of TBWBIA, TBWWV and TBW58% when compared with TBWD2O (r = 0.93, P < 0.001, r = 0.89, P < 0.01 and R = 0.86, P < 0.01, respectively. Also, Kt/V week-1 derived from TBWBIA, TBWWV and TBW58% correlated strongly with Kt/V week-1 from TBWD2O (r = 0.93, P < 0.0005, r = 0.83, P < 0.01 and r = 0.8, P < 0.01, respectively).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

MeSH terms

  • Body Composition
  • Body Water
  • Body Weight
  • Deuterium Oxide
  • Electric Impedance
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Models, Biological*
  • Peritoneal Dialysis, Continuous Ambulatory*
  • Time Factors
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Urea / metabolism*


  • Urea
  • Deuterium Oxide