Radical scavenger and antihepatotoxic activity of Ganoderma formosanum, Ganoderma lucidum and Ganoderma neo-japonicum

J Ethnopharmacol. 1995 Jun 23;47(1):33-41. doi: 10.1016/0378-8741(95)01251-8.


The free radical scavenging and antihepatotoxic activity from Ganoderma lucidum, Ganoderma formosanum and Ganoderma neo-japonicum were studied. Treatment with the water extract of Ganoderma lucidum, Ganoderma formosanum and Ganoderma neo-japonicum caused a marked decrease in the CCl4-induced toxicity in rat liver, made evident by their effect on the levels of glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (GOT) and lactic dehydrogenase (LDH) in the serum. The scavenging potency of the water extracts of the crude drugs was evaluated in terms of their ability to reduce the peaks of spin adducts using electron spin resonance (ESR) spin-trapping techniques. The results indicated that Ganoderma formosanum showed the greatest antihepatotoxic activity and the greatest free radical scavenging activity.

MeSH terms

  • Alanine Transaminase / blood
  • Animals
  • Ascorbic Acid / pharmacology
  • Aspartate Aminotransferases / blood
  • Carbon Tetrachloride / toxicity*
  • Drugs, Chinese Herbal / pharmacology
  • Electron Spin Resonance Spectroscopy
  • Free Radical Scavengers / pharmacology*
  • Hydroxyl Radical / toxicity
  • L-Lactate Dehydrogenase / blood
  • Liver / cytology
  • Liver / drug effects*
  • Liver / enzymology
  • Male
  • Ocimum basilicum / chemistry*
  • Rats
  • Superoxides / toxicity
  • Water / chemistry


  • Drugs, Chinese Herbal
  • Free Radical Scavengers
  • Water
  • Superoxides
  • Hydroxyl Radical
  • Carbon Tetrachloride
  • L-Lactate Dehydrogenase
  • Aspartate Aminotransferases
  • Alanine Transaminase
  • Ascorbic Acid