Spectrum of epilepsy in neurocysticercosis: a long-term follow-up of 143 patients

Acta Neurol Scand. 1995 Jul;92(1):33-40. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0404.1995.tb00463.x.


To characterize the clinical profile and the prognostic factors of the epilepsy due to parenchymal neurocysticercosis (NCC) 143 patients were analysed. Patients (62 men, 81 women) had a mean age at epilepsy onset of 29 years (range 2-71), mean epilepsy duration of 16 years (range 1-58) and mean follow-up of 5.2 years. Seizures were generalised tonic-clonic (GTC) in 50 patients (35%), simple partial (SP) in 66 (46%) and complex partial (CP) in 27 (19%). Epilepsy began as a single seizure in 73% and as a cluster of seizures or status epilepticus in 27%. Seizures were controlled in 64% of patients. Multivariate analysis revealed that significant prognostic factors associated with seizure control were type of seizures and age at epilepsy onset. Control is more likely in GTC and SP seizures and in patients with a higher age at seizures onset. Our analysis establishes that epilepsy due to NCC is a heterogeneous syndrome concerning age and mode of onset, seizure type, duration of epilepsy and pattern of evolution probably related with different pathogenic mechanisms.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Brain Diseases / diagnosis
  • Brain Diseases / physiopathology*
  • Brain Mapping
  • Calcinosis / diagnosis
  • Calcinosis / physiopathology
  • Cerebral Cortex / physiopathology
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Cysticercosis / diagnosis
  • Cysticercosis / physiopathology*
  • Dominance, Cerebral / physiology
  • Electroencephalography*
  • Evoked Potentials / physiology
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Prognosis
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed