Manganese absorption in humans: the effect of phytic acid and ascorbic acid in soy formula

Am J Clin Nutr. 1995 Nov;62(5):984-7. doi: 10.1093/ajcn/62.5.984.


The absorption of manganese from soy formula was studied in adult volunteers by extrinsic labeling of test meals with 54Mn, followed by whole-body retention measurements for approximately 30 d after intake. Eight subjects participated twice in each of the two studies, acting as his or her own control. Soy formula containing the native content of phytic acid was compared with a similar dephytinized formula: geometric mean manganese absorption increased 2.3-fold from 0.7% (range: 0.2-1.1%) to 1.6% (range: 1.0-7.2%) (P < 0.01) with the dephytinized formula. In addition, the effect of the ascorbic acid content of the phytic acid-containing formula was investigated. Manganese absorption was not influenced by an increase in the ascorbic acid from 625 mumol/L (110 mg/L) to 1250 mumol/L (220 mg/L): the geometric mean manganese absorption was 0.6% (range: 0.3-1.0%) and 0.6% (range: 0.3-1.1%), respectively. In conclusion, fractional manganese absorption was approximately doubled by the dephytinization of soy formula but was not influenced by an increase in the ascorbic acid content of a soy formula containing the native amount of phytic acid.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Ascorbic Acid / pharmacology*
  • Biological Availability
  • Dietary Proteins / metabolism
  • Female
  • Food, Formulated
  • Humans
  • Intestinal Absorption* / drug effects
  • Intestine, Small / metabolism*
  • Iron / pharmacokinetics
  • Male
  • Manganese / pharmacokinetics*
  • Phytic Acid / pharmacology*
  • Plant Proteins, Dietary / drug effects
  • Plant Proteins, Dietary / metabolism*
  • Radioisotopes
  • Soybean Proteins


  • Dietary Proteins
  • Plant Proteins, Dietary
  • Radioisotopes
  • Soybean Proteins
  • Manganese
  • Phytic Acid
  • Iron
  • Ascorbic Acid