Infantile sialic acid storage disease: biochemical studies

Am J Med Genet. 1995 Jul 31;58(1):24-31. doi: 10.1002/ajmg.1320580107.


Infantile free sialic acid storage disease (ISSD), is an inherited metabolic disorder characterized by hyperexcretion of free sialic acid in the urine and by its storage in the lysosomes of different tissues. In order to obtain more reliable data on the amount of total and free sialic acid, we analyzed the urine, brain, cerebellum, liver, spleen, and kidneys from a 3-month-old baby who died with a diagnosis of ISSD. The lysosomal nature of the disease was confirmed by an electron microscopic study of cells in culture. No significant abnormalities were found involving cholesterol, total phospholipids, glycolipids, and gangliosides in the tissues examined. However, differences in the tissue distribution of individual glycolipids and gangliosides were observed. The amount of free and total sialic acid was markedly increased, due to the storage of free sialic acid accompanied by its hyperexcretion in the urine. These results demonstrate and confirm that only acid monosaccharide transport from the lysosome compartment is involved in the pathogenesis of ISSD.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Brain Chemistry
  • Carbohydrate Metabolism, Inborn Errors / genetics
  • Carbohydrate Metabolism, Inborn Errors / metabolism*
  • Cholesterol / analysis
  • Female
  • Fibroblasts / metabolism
  • Fibroblasts / ultrastructure
  • Gangliosides / analysis
  • Glycolipids / analysis
  • Glycoproteins / chemistry
  • Glycoside Hydrolases / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Infant, Premature
  • Kidney / chemistry
  • Liver / chemistry
  • Lysosomal Storage Diseases / metabolism*
  • Lysosomes / enzymology
  • Lysosomes / ultrastructure
  • Membrane Lipids / analysis
  • Microscopy, Electron
  • Phospholipids / analysis
  • Reference Values
  • Sialic Acids / analysis
  • Sialic Acids / metabolism*
  • Spleen / chemistry


  • Gangliosides
  • Glycolipids
  • Glycoproteins
  • Membrane Lipids
  • Phospholipids
  • Sialic Acids
  • Cholesterol
  • Glycoside Hydrolases