Degradation of iprodione by a soil Arthrobacter-like strain

Appl Environ Microbiol. 1995 Sep;61(9):3216-20. doi: 10.1128/aem.61.9.3216-3220.1995.


A bacterial strain able to transform iprodione was isolated from a fast iprodione-degrading soil by enrichment procedures. Transformation was detected through 3,5-dichloroaniline production as measured by a rapid colorimetric method. The strain, MA6, was tentatively identified as an Arthrobacter sp. When it was incubated with MA6 in a minimum mineral medium (pH 6.5), iprodione (8.8 mumol/liter) was transformed into two major metabolites that were identified by high-performance liquid chromatography analysis: 3,5-dichlorophenylcarboximide (metabolite 1) and (3,5-dichlorophenylurea) acetic acid (metabolite 2), which was produced after ring cleavage of the former product. These products were synthesized in the laboratory and compared with metabolites 1 and 2 which were formed during iprodione degradation. Small quantities of 3,5-dichloroaniline also appeared in the bacterial culture but did not substantially increase between the first and second days of incubation. In contrast, in the sterile control medium, iprodione was spontaneously transformed into hydantoic acid and an iprodione isomer. Chemical and biological transformations of iprodione seem to occur through two different pathways. One biological degradation pathway is proposed.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aminoimidazole Carboxamide / analogs & derivatives*
  • Aminoimidazole Carboxamide / chemistry
  • Aminoimidazole Carboxamide / metabolism
  • Arthrobacter / isolation & purification
  • Arthrobacter / metabolism*
  • Biodegradation, Environmental
  • Biotransformation
  • Culture Media
  • Fungicides, Industrial / chemistry
  • Fungicides, Industrial / metabolism*
  • Hydantoins*
  • Soil Microbiology


  • Culture Media
  • Fungicides, Industrial
  • Hydantoins
  • Aminoimidazole Carboxamide
  • iprodione