P53 protein in 204 patients with primary breast carcinoma--immunohistochemical detection and clinical value as a prognostic factor

Arch Gynecol Obstet. 1995;256(3):139-46. doi: 10.1007/BF01314642.


In a retrospective study, 204 formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded biopsies of primary breast carcinomas were tested immunohistochemically for the expression of p53 protein (PAb 1801). 38% of the carcinomas were positive with respect to p53. The expression of p53 correlated significantly with the loss of tumor differentiation (P = 0.013), but not with menopausal status, patients' age, tumor size, axillary lymph node involvement or hormone receptor status. The influence of p53 expression on prognosis was evaluated in 197 patients (T1-4 N0-2 M0, median observation time 72 months). Detection of p53 protein was associated with a significantly longer disease-free survival in node-positive women (P = 0.03). However, p53 protein did not prove to be a prognostic factor in node-negative patients. The results demonstrate the prognostic value of p53 expression in breast cancer which appears to be limited to patients with node-positive tumors.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis*
  • Breast / pathology
  • Breast Neoplasms / mortality
  • Breast Neoplasms / pathology*
  • Disease-Free Survival
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Immunoenzyme Techniques
  • Lymph Nodes / pathology
  • Lymphatic Metastasis
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplasm Staging
  • Neoplasms, Hormone-Dependent / pathology
  • Prognosis
  • Receptors, Estrogen / analysis
  • Receptors, Progesterone / analysis
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Survival Analysis
  • Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 / analysis*


  • Biomarkers, Tumor
  • Receptors, Estrogen
  • Receptors, Progesterone
  • Tumor Suppressor Protein p53