Agnathia (severe micrognathia), aglossia and choanal atresia in an infant

J Paediatr Child Health. 1995 Aug;31(4):358-61. doi: 10.1111/j.1440-1754.1995.tb00828.x.


A neonate is reported here, who was born with severe mandibular hypoplasia, complete absence of the tongue, unilateral choanal atresia, contralateral choanal stenosis and developed severe airway obstruction at birth. Arrested development of the ventral first branchial arch most likely underlies the clinical deficits. Most reported cases of agnathia have been lethal but the infant reported here has survived into infancy with a tracheostomy and feeding gastrostomy. Her clinical features, assessment and management are discussed.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Abnormalities, Multiple* / embryology
  • Abnormalities, Multiple* / pathology
  • Abnormalities, Multiple* / surgery
  • Choanal Atresia* / embryology
  • Choanal Atresia* / pathology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Micrognathism* / embryology
  • Micrognathism* / pathology
  • Tongue / abnormalities*
  • Tongue / embryology
  • Tracheostomy