Different training models are effective for the treatment of chronic low back pain, but no consensus has been found. Earlier studies have emphasized training of spinal mobility and back strength. To evaluate if other physiological parameters, such as coordination, are of equal importance, we performed a randomized trial on 40 consecutive patients with chronic low back pain. Two training models were compared: 1) intensive training of muscle endurance and 2) muscle training, including coordination. In both groups, training was performed 1 hour twice a week for 3 months. Pain score, disability score, and spinal mobility improved in both training groups without differences between the two groups. Only intensive training of muscle endurance improved isokinetic back muscle strength. At study entry, we found a significant correlation between spinal mobility and dysfunction, but after the training, no correlation was found between improvement of spinal mobility or isokinetic back extension strength and improvement of function or pain level. We conclude that coordination training for patients with chronic low back pain is as equally effective as endurance training.