A new zoonosis of the cerebrospinal fluid of man probably caused by Meningonema peruzzii, a filaria of the central nervous system of Cercopithecidae

Parasite. 1995 Jun;2(2):173-6. doi: 10.1051/parasite/1995022173.


A female fourth stage larva of Meningonema, probably of M. peruzzii Orihel et Esslinger, 1973, was recovered in Cameroon, from the cerebrospinal fluid of a patient harbouring Loa loa, but without any neurological signs. This observation is the first human case of Meningonema (Filarioidea Splendidofilariinae) which usually parasitizes the central nervous system of African Cercopithecinae. However, as indicated by Orihel and Esslinger, it seems probable that the perstans-like microfilariae described in cases of cerebral filariasis in Zimbabwe belonged to the same species.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cameroon
  • Cercopithecidae / parasitology*
  • Female
  • Filariasis / cerebrospinal fluid*
  • Filariasis / parasitology
  • Filarioidea / anatomy & histology*
  • Filarioidea / classification
  • Humans
  • Larva
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Zoonoses*