The pharmacology and distribution of human 5-hydroxytryptamine2B (5-HT2B) receptor gene products: comparison with 5-HT2A and 5-HT2C receptors

Br J Pharmacol. 1995 Jun;115(4):622-8. doi: 10.1111/j.1476-5381.1995.tb14977.x.


1. Full length clones of the human 5-HT2B receptor were isolated from human liver, kidney and pancreas. The cloned human 5-HT2B receptors had a high degree of homology (approximately 80%) with the rat and mouse 5-HT2B receptors. 2. PCR amplification was used to determine the tissue distribution of human 5-HT2B receptor mRNA. mRNA encoding the 5-HT2B receptor was expressed with greatest abundance in human liver and kidney. Lower levels of expression were detected in cerebral cortex, whole brain, pancreas and spleen. Expression was not detected in heart. 3. Northern blot analysis confirmed the presence of 5-HT2B receptor mRNA (a 2.4 kB sized band) in pancreas, liver and kidney. An additional 3.2 kB sized band of hybridization was detected in liver and kidney. This raises the possibility of a splice variant of the receptor or the presence of an additional homologous receptor. 4. The human 5-HT2B receptor was expressed in Cos-7 cells and its ligand binding characteristics were compared to similarly expressed human 5-HT2A and 5-HT2C receptors. The ligand specificity of the human 5-HT2B receptor (5-HT > ritanserin > SB 204741 > spiperone) was distinct from that of the human 5-HT2A (ritanserin > spiperone > 5-HT > SB 204741) and 5-HT2C (ritanserin > 5-HT > spiperone = SB 204741) receptors. On the basis of a higher affinity for ketanserin and a lower affinity for yohimbine the human 5-HT2B receptor also appeared to differ from the rat 5-HT2B receptor. 5. These findings confirm the sequence of the human 5-HT2B receptor and they demonstrate that the receptor has a widespread tissue distribution. In addition, these data suggest that there are differences in ligand affinities between different species homologues of the receptor. Finally, the finding of two distinct bands on the Northern blots of liver and kidney raises the possibility of splice variants or subtypes of 5-HT2B receptors, within these tissues.

MeSH terms

  • 3T3 Cells / metabolism
  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Binding, Competitive
  • Blotting, Northern
  • Brain / metabolism
  • Cell Line
  • Cell Membrane / drug effects
  • Cell Membrane / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Kidney / metabolism
  • Liver / metabolism
  • Mice
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Myocardium / metabolism
  • Pancreas / metabolism
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • RNA, Messenger / genetics
  • RNA, Messenger / metabolism
  • Radioligand Assay
  • Rats
  • Receptor, Serotonin, 5-HT2A
  • Receptor, Serotonin, 5-HT2B
  • Receptor, Serotonin, 5-HT2C
  • Receptors, Serotonin / drug effects
  • Receptors, Serotonin / genetics*
  • Receptors, Serotonin / metabolism
  • Spleen / metabolism
  • Tissue Distribution


  • RNA, Messenger
  • Receptor, Serotonin, 5-HT2A
  • Receptor, Serotonin, 5-HT2B
  • Receptor, Serotonin, 5-HT2C
  • Receptors, Serotonin