As cells adhere to extracellular matrix proteins, several focal adhesion proteins become tyrosine phosphorylated. One of the most prominent of these has been identified as the tyrosine kinase p125FAK (focal adhesion kinase, FAK). An interaction between FAK and members of the Src family tyrosine kinases p59fyn, pp60v-src, and activated pp60c-src (527F) has been demonstrated, raising the possibility that these kinases may regulate FAK activity. To explore the role of Src family kinases in focal adhesions and in the regulation of FAK activity, we isolated fibroblasts from transgenic mice that lack either pp60c-src, p59fyn, or pp62c-yes. These primary fibroblasts, and those of a control mouse, were passaged numerous times and resulted in spontaneously immortalized cell lines without the addition of transforming agents. After confirming the absence of the appropriate nonreceptor tyrosine kinases in the fyn-, src- and yes- fibroblasts, the ability of these fibroblasts to form focal adhesions and stress fibers was assessed by immunofluorescence microscopy and found to be comparable to that of normal fibroblasts. We investigated phosphotyrosine levels in response to adhesion to fibronectin and identified the pp60src substrate p130 as the one major protein with reduced levels of tyrosine phosphorylation in the cells lacking p59fyn and pp62c-yes, and particularly in those lacking pp60c-src. We examined FAK phosphorylation and kinase activity and found that there were no significant differences between these cells.