Effects of exercise training and deconditioning on platelet function in men

Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 1995 Oct;15(10):1668-74. doi: 10.1161/01.atv.15.10.1668.

Abstract

Platelets play an important role in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease. It has also been noticed that regular exercise can reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease. This is the first study to demonstrate that endurance exercise training may suppress platelet adhesiveness and aggregation and that deconditioning may reverse the training effects. Healthy male sedentary subjects were randomly divided into control and training groups. The trained men were trained on a bicycle ergometer at about 60% of maximal oxygen consumption for 30 minutes per day, 5 days per week for 8 weeks, then deconditioned for 12 weeks. During the experimental period, blood samples of the trained subjects were collected before and immediately after a progressive exercise test every 4 weeks. The same experiments were applied to the controls at the beginning of this study and 8 weeks thereafter. A tapered parallel-plate chamber was used to assess platelet adhesiveness. Platelet aggregation induced by ADP was evaluated by the percentage of reduction in single platelet count. Our results showed that (1) platelet adhesiveness and aggregability were increased by short-term strenuous exercise in both control and trained groups, but the enhancement of platelet aggregability was decreased after exercise training in the trained subjects; (2) at rest and immediately after strenuous exercise, platelet adhesiveness and aggregability were decreased by training, whereas they were unchanged in the control group; and (3) deconditioning reversed the training effects on resting and postexercise platelet adhesiveness and aggregability back to the pretraining state. These results suggest that platelet adhesiveness and aggregability may be depressed by exercise training but be reversed back to the pretraining state after deconditioning.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Blood Platelets / physiology*
  • Blood Pressure
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / physiopathology
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / prevention & control*
  • Exercise / physiology*
  • Heart Rate
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Platelet Adhesiveness
  • Platelet Aggregation