Lipoproteins containing apolipoprotein A-IV but not apolipoprotein A-I take up and esterify cell-derived cholesterol in plasma

Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 1995 Oct;15(10):1755-63. doi: 10.1161/01.atv.15.10.1755.


Two-dimensional nondenaturing polyacrylamide gradient gel electrophoresis (2D-PAGGE) identifies distinct apoA-I-or apoE-containing subclasses of high-density lipoproteins (HDLs), each of which plays a different role in reverse cholesterol transport. In this study we used 2D-PAGGE to investigate the role of apoA-IV-containing lipoproteins in reverse cholesterol transport in native plasma. Incubation of 2D electrophoretograms with anti-apoA-IV antibodies identified up to three subclasses of particles. The smaller particle subclasses, LpA-IV-1 and LpA-IV-2, were found in every plasma sample. The largest particle subclass, LpA-IV-3, was observed in fewer than 10% of the plasmas analyzed. 2D-PAGGE of apoA-I-deficient plasma and apoA-I-depleted plasma and anti-apoA-I immunosubtracting 2D-PAGGE of normal plasma revealed that LpA-IV-1 and LpA-IV-2 do not contain apoA-I. The importance of LpA-IV-1 and LpA-IV-2 for uptake and esterification of cell-derived cholesterol was investigated using pulse-chase incubations of plasma with [3H]cholesterol-labeled fibroblasts followed by anti-apoA-I immunosubtracting 2D-PAGGE. During 1-minute pulse incubation with cells, [3H]cholesterol was taken up by gamma-LpE > LpA-IV-1 > pre-beta 1-LpA-I > LpA-IV-2 (">" denotes "more than"). During subsequent chase incubation without cells, proportionately less radioactivity disappeared from LpA-IV-1 and LpA-IV-2 than from pre-beta 1-LpA-I and gamma-LpE. During 5-minute pulse incubations, radioactive cholesteryl esters were formed in pre-beta 3-LpA-I > alpha-LpA-I > LpA-IV-1 > LpA-IV-2. The fractional estertification rate was highest in pre-beta 2-LpA-I and lowest in alpha-LpA-I.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Apolipoprotein A-I / metabolism*
  • Biological Transport
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Cholesterol / blood
  • Cholesterol / metabolism*
  • Electrophoresis, Gel, Two-Dimensional
  • Esterification
  • Female
  • Fibroblasts / metabolism
  • Humans


  • Apolipoprotein A-I
  • Cholesterol