Soft tissue attachments of the ulnar coronoid process. An anatomic study with radiographic correlation

Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1995 Nov:(320):154-8.


Regan and Morrey proposed a 3-type coronoid fracture classification observing that the incidence of concommitant elbow dislocation was proportional to fragment size. Elbow instability associated with coronoid fractures presumably is related to disrupted bony architecture and ineffective stabilizers attached to the free fragment. Twenty cadaveric elbows were dissected, measuring medial collateral ligament, anterior capsule, and brachialis muscle insertion loci on the coronoid. Radiographs were taken after radiopaque labeling of the stabilizer insertions. The anterior bundle of the medial collateral ligament insertion averaged 18.4 mm dorsal to the coronoid tip. Only in Type III fractures would it be attached to the free fragment. The capsule inserted an average of 6.4 mm distal to the coronoid tip. Rarely should Type I fractures result from a capsular avulsion, because only 3 of 20 specimens had the capsule inserting on the tip. The brachialis had a musculoaponeurotic insertion onto the elbow capsule, coronoid, and proximal ulna. The bony insertion averaged 26.3 mm in length, with its proximal margin averaging 11 mm distal to the coronoid tip. In only Type III fractures is the fragment large enough to include the brachialis bony insertion.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Elbow Joint / anatomy & histology
  • Elbow Joint / diagnostic imaging
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Joint Capsule / anatomy & histology
  • Ligaments, Articular / anatomy & histology*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Radiography
  • Tendons / anatomy & histology
  • Ulna / anatomy & histology*
  • Ulna / diagnostic imaging