Microheterogeneity of acute phase proteins in patients with clinically active and clinically nonactive osteoarthritis

Clin Rheumatol. 1995 Jul;14(4):434-40. doi: 10.1007/BF02207678.


Microheterogeneity of two acute phase glycoproteins, alpha-1-acid glycoprotein (AGP) and alpha-1-antichymotrypsin (ACT), concentrations of AGP, ACT, and C-reactive protein (CRP), and levels of three cytokines: interleukin 1 beta (IL-1-beta), interleukin 6 (IL-6), and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) were determined in 61 serum samples and 7 synovial fluids (SFs) obtained from patients (n = 61) with osteoarthritis. Using affinity immunoelectrophoresis with concanavalin A (conA), a significant decrease in the reactivity of AGP and ACT with this lectin was found in patients with clinically active osteoarthritis when compared to those with clinically nonactive disease (p < 0.001 and p < 0.05, respectively). There was no increase in the concentration of AGP, ACT, and C-reactive protein (CRP) in the sera examined. In particular, no increase in the serum level of these proteins was found in the patients with clinically active disease. Low concentrations of IL-6 and TNF-alpha were found in most sera and SFs examined. In 6 out of 7 SFs available, IL-6 concentrations were higher than in the respective serum samples but for TNF-alpha the same could be shown in one case only. Low concentrations of IL-1-beta were found in 4 serum samples obtained from patients with clinically active osteoarthritis and in no SF specimen studied. In the entire group, serum level of TNF-alpha correlated weakly with the AGP and ACT reactivity coefficients with conA (r = 0.3634, p < 0.005 and r = 0.3324, p < 0.02, respectively).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • C-Reactive Protein / analysis
  • Cytokines / analysis*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Immunoelectrophoresis
  • Interleukin-1 / analysis
  • Interleukin-6 / analysis
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Orosomucoid / analysis*
  • Osteoarthritis / blood*
  • Synovial Fluid / metabolism
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha / analysis
  • alpha 1-Antichymotrypsin / analysis*


  • Cytokines
  • Interleukin-1
  • Interleukin-6
  • Orosomucoid
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
  • alpha 1-Antichymotrypsin
  • C-Reactive Protein