Exit from mitosis is regulated by Drosophila fizzy and the sequential destruction of cyclins A, B and B3

EMBO J. 1995 Oct 2;14(19):4827-38.


While entry into mitosis is triggered by activation of cdc2 kinase, exit from mitosis requires inactivation of this kinase. Inactivation results from proteolytic degradation of the regulatory cyclin subunits during mitosis. At least three different cyclin types, cyclins A, B and B3, associate with cdc2 kinase in higher eukaryotes and are sequentially degraded in mitosis. We show here that mutations in the Drosophila gene fizzy (fzy) block the mitotic degradation of these cyclins. Moreover, expression of mutant cyclins (delta cyclins) lacking the destruction box motif required for mitotic degradation affects mitotic progression at distinct stages. Deltacyclin A results in a delay in metaphase, deltacyclin B in an early anaphase arrest and deltacyclin B3 in a late anaphase arrest, suggesting that mitotic progression beyond metaphase is ordered by the sequential degradation of these different cyclins. Coexpression of deltacyclins A, B and B3 allows a delayed separation of sister chromosomes, but interferes wit chromosome segregation to the poles. Mutations in fzy block both sister chromosome separation and segregation, indicating that fzy plays a crucial role in the metaphase/anaphase transition.

MeSH terms

  • Anaphase / physiology
  • Animals
  • CDC2 Protein Kinase / genetics
  • CDC2 Protein Kinase / physiology
  • Cdc20 Proteins
  • Cell Cycle Proteins / genetics
  • Cell Cycle Proteins / physiology*
  • Cyclin B*
  • Cyclins / genetics
  • Cyclins / metabolism
  • Cyclins / physiology*
  • Drosophila / embryology
  • Drosophila / genetics*
  • Drosophila Proteins*
  • Genes, Insect / genetics
  • Heat-Shock Response / physiology
  • Metaphase / physiology
  • Mitosis / physiology*
  • Mutation
  • Phenotype
  • Sequence Deletion
  • Spindle Apparatus / genetics
  • Temperature
  • Transgenes / physiology


  • Cdc20 Proteins
  • Cell Cycle Proteins
  • CycB protein, Drosophila
  • Cyclin B
  • Cyclins
  • Drosophila Proteins
  • fzy protein, Drosophila
  • CDC2 Protein Kinase