Mutant U5A Cells Are Complemented by an Interferon-Alpha Beta Receptor Subunit Generated by Alternative Processing of a New Member of a Cytokine Receptor Gene Cluster

EMBO J. 1995 Oct 16;14(20):5100-8.

Abstract

The cellular receptor for the alpha/beta interferons contains at least two components that interact with interferon. The ifnar1 component is well characterized and a putative ifnar2 cDNA has recently been identified. We have cloned the gene for ifnar2 and show that it produces four different transcripts encoding three different polypeptides that are generated by exon skipping, alternative splicing and differential use of polyadenylation sites. One polypeptide is likely to be secreted and two are transmembrane proteins with identical extracellular and transmembrane domains but divergent cytoplasmic tails of 67 and 251 amino acids. A mutant cell line U5A, completely defective in IFN-alpha beta binding and response, has been isolated and characterized. Expression in U5A cells of the polypeptide with the long cytoplasmic domain reconstitutes a functional receptor that restores normal interferon binding, activation of the JAK/STAT signal transduction pathway, interferon-inducible gene expression and antiviral response. The IFNAR2 gene maps at 0.5 kb from the CRFB4 gene, establishing that together IFNAR2, CRFB4, IFNAR1 and AF1 form a cluster of class II cytokine receptor genes on human chromosome 21.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Alternative Splicing*
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Base Sequence
  • Blotting, Western
  • Cell Line
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 21 / genetics*
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • DNA Probes
  • DNA, Complementary / genetics
  • Gene Expression
  • Genetic Complementation Test
  • Humans
  • Interferon-alpha / pharmacology
  • Interferon-beta / pharmacology
  • Interferons / metabolism
  • Lymphoid Tissue / cytology
  • Membrane Proteins
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Multigene Family*
  • Mutation
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Precipitin Tests
  • Receptor, Interferon alpha-beta
  • Receptors, Cytokine / genetics*
  • Receptors, Interferon / genetics*
  • Restriction Mapping
  • Sequence Analysis, DNA
  • Signal Transduction

Substances

  • DNA Probes
  • DNA, Complementary
  • IFNAR1 protein, human
  • IFNAR2 protein, human
  • Interferon-alpha
  • Membrane Proteins
  • Receptors, Cytokine
  • Receptors, Interferon
  • Receptor, Interferon alpha-beta
  • Interferon-beta
  • Interferons

Associated data

  • GENBANK/L41942
  • GENBANK/L41943
  • GENBANK/L41944
  • GENBANK/L42237
  • GENBANK/L42238
  • GENBANK/L42239
  • GENBANK/L42240
  • GENBANK/L42241
  • GENBANK/L42242
  • GENBANK/L42243
  • GENBANK/L42323