Capsular types and antimicrobial resistance of Streptococcus pneumoniae isolated in Korea

Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 1995 Jun;14(6):528-31. doi: 10.1007/BF02113433.


The capsular types and the MICs of penicillin G and other antimicrobial agents were determined for 89 isolates of Streptococcus pneumoniae. MICs of penicillin G ranged from 0.015 to 2 mg/l, with 29% and 48% of the isolates exhibiting intermediate resistance and complete resistance, respectively. All isolates were susceptible to teicoplanin and vancomycin, but 81% and 43% of the penicillin G-resistant strains were intermediately resistant to cefotaxime and imipenem, respectively. Strains belonged to 16 different capsular types: 73% belonged to types 19F and 23F, and 97% of strains belonging to these two types exhibited either intermediate or complete resistance to penicillin G.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Bacterial Capsules*
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Drug Resistance, Microbial
  • Humans
  • Korea
  • Microbial Sensitivity Tests
  • Middle Aged
  • Penicillin G / pharmacology*
  • Penicillin Resistance
  • Penicillins / pharmacology*
  • Streptococcus pneumoniae / classification
  • Streptococcus pneumoniae / drug effects*
  • Streptococcus pneumoniae / isolation & purification


  • Penicillins
  • Penicillin G