Health education intervention strategies: recommendations for future research

Health Educ Q. 1995 Aug;22(3):307-28. doi: 10.1177/109019819402200305.


While the ultimate goal of health education interventions is to positively influence health status, more proximal indicators of success are changes in intermediate outcomes, or impact. Because health education interventions work through intermediate outcomes, the linkage to health status is often assumed to be at a conceptual or theoretical level. The term health education intervention strategy is a heuristic device used to conceptualize and organize a large variety of activities. There is a wide range of studies and reports in the literature that either test specific intervention strategies or report on larger health education efforts combining several strategies. This article organizes the discussion to focus on individual-, community-, and policy-level interventions. Mass communications are also considered, and the authors comment on program planning issues that cut across specific interventions at the individual, community, and policy levels. Eleven recommendations are offered for future health education intervention research.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Community Health Services / trends
  • Forecasting
  • Health Behavior
  • Health Education / trends*
  • Health Policy / trends
  • Health Services Research / trends*
  • Health Status
  • Humans
  • Outcome and Process Assessment, Health Care
  • Patient Education as Topic / trends