Structure-function relationship of bacterial prolipoprotein diacylglyceryl transferase: functionally significant conserved regions

J Bacteriol. 1995 Dec;177(23):6820-4. doi: 10.1128/jb.177.23.6820-6824.1995.


The structure-function relationship of bacterial prolipoprotein diacylgyceryl transferase (LGT) Has been investigated by a comparison of the primary structures of this enzyme in phylogenetically distant bacterial species, analysis of the sequences of mutant enzymes, and specific chemical modification of the Escherichia coli enzyme. A clone containing the gene for LGT, lgt, of the gram-positive species Staphylococcus aureus was isolated by complementation of the temperature-sensitive lgt mutant of E. coli (strain SK634) defective in LGT activity. In vivo and in vitro assays for prolipoprotein diacylglyceryl modification activity indicated that the complementing clone restored the prolipoprotein modification activity in the mutant strain. Sequence determination of the insert DNA revealed an open reading frame of 837 bp encoding a protein of 279 amino acids with a calculated molecular mass of 31.6 kDa. S. aureus LGT showed 24% identity and 47% similarity with E. coli, Salmonella typhimurium, and Haemophilus influenzae LGT.S. aureus LGT, while 12 amino acids shorter than the E. coli enzyme, had a hydropathic profile and a predicted pI (10.4) similar to those of the E. coli enzyme. Multiple sequence alignment among E. coli, S. typhimurium, H. influenzae, and S. aureus LGT proteins revealed regions of highly conserved amino acid sequences throughout the molecule. Three independent lgt mutant alleles from E. coli SK634, SK635, and SK636 and one lgt allele from S. typhimurium SE5221, all defective in LGT activity at the nonpermissive temperature, were cloned by PCR and sequenced. The mutant alleles were found to contain a single base alteration resulting in the substitution of a conserved amino acid. The longest set of identical amino acids without any gap was H-103-GGLIG-108 in LGT from these four microorganisms. In E. coli lgt mutant SK634, Gly-104 in this region was mutated to Ser, and the mutant organism was temperature sensitive in growth and exhibited low LGT activity in vitro. Diethylpyrocarbonate inactivated the E. coli LGT with a second-order rate constant of 18.6 M-1S-1, and the inactivation of LGT activity was reversed by hydroxylamine at pH 7. The inactivation kinetics were consistent with the modification of a single residue, His or Tyr, essential for LGT activity.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Bacterial Proteins / chemistry
  • Bacterial Proteins / genetics
  • Bacterial Proteins / metabolism*
  • Base Sequence
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • Conserved Sequence
  • Escherichia coli / enzymology
  • Escherichia coli / genetics
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Phosphatidylglycerols / metabolism
  • Protein Precursors / metabolism*
  • Protein Processing, Post-Translational
  • Protein Sorting Signals
  • Recombinant Proteins / metabolism
  • Salmonella typhimurium / enzymology
  • Salmonella typhimurium / genetics
  • Selection, Genetic
  • Sequence Analysis, DNA
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
  • Staphylococcus aureus / enzymology
  • Staphylococcus aureus / genetics
  • Structure-Activity Relationship
  • Transferases / chemistry
  • Transferases / genetics
  • Transferases / metabolism*


  • Bacterial Proteins
  • Phosphatidylglycerols
  • Protein Precursors
  • Protein Sorting Signals
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • Transferases
  • phosphatidylglycerol glyceryl transferase

Associated data

  • GENBANK/U35773