The Twelfth Jack Tizard Memorial Lecture. The development of offending and antisocial behaviour from childhood: key findings from the Cambridge Study in Delinquent Development

J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 1995 Sep;36(6):929-64. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-7610.1995.tb01342.x.


In the Cambridge Study in Delinquent Development, 411 South London males have been followed up from age 8 to age 32. The most important childhood (age 8-10) predictors of delinquency were antisocial child behaviour, impulsivity, low intelligence and attainment, family criminality, poverty and poor parental child-rearing behaviour. Offending was only one element of a larger syndrome of antisocial behaviour that arose in childhood and persisted into adulthood. Marriage, employment and moving out of London fostered desistance from offending. Early prevention experiments are needed to reduce delinquency, targeting low attainment, poor parenting, impulsivity and poverty.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Antisocial Personality Disorder / diagnosis
  • Antisocial Personality Disorder / psychology*
  • Antisocial Personality Disorder / rehabilitation
  • Child
  • Child of Impaired Parents / psychology
  • Crime / psychology
  • Educational Status
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Impulsive Behavior / diagnosis
  • Impulsive Behavior / psychology
  • Impulsive Behavior / rehabilitation
  • Intelligence
  • Juvenile Delinquency / psychology*
  • Juvenile Delinquency / rehabilitation
  • London
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Male
  • Parenting / psychology
  • Personality Development*
  • Prospective Studies
  • Social Distance
  • Urban Population*