Construct Validity of Various Verbal and Visual Memory Tests

J Clin Exp Neuropsychol. 1995 Aug;17(4):536-47. doi: 10.1080/01688639508405144.


Factor analysis was conducted on attention, information processing, verbal and visual memory scores of 112 patients. Factor structure did not vary as a function of age. The Expanded Paired Associates Test, Verbal Selective Reminding Test, Continuous Recognition Memory Test, and Continuous Visual Memory Test defined a general memory factor. The PASAT, WMS Mental Control, and WAIS-R Digit Span defined an attention/information processing factor. Immediate Visual Reproduction (VR) loaded primarily on visual/nonverbal intelligence, whereas delayed VR loaded primarily with the memory factor. The Trail Making Test, Part B was more closely associated with visual/nonverbal intelligence than with attention/information processing. Serial Digit Learning was more closely associated with attention/information processing than with general memory.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Attention*
  • Brain Damage, Chronic / diagnosis
  • Brain Damage, Chronic / psychology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Memory, Short-Term
  • Mental Recall*
  • Middle Aged
  • Neuropsychological Tests / statistics & numerical data*
  • Pattern Recognition, Visual*
  • Psychometrics
  • Psychomotor Performance
  • Reaction Time
  • Reference Values
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Retention, Psychology
  • Serial Learning
  • Verbal Learning*