Intensive swimming: can it affect your patients' smiles?

J Am Dent Assoc. 1995 Oct;126(10):1402-6. doi: 10.14219/jada.archive.1995.0051.


Athletes who swim intensively, such as those who swim laps more than six hours a week, may develop unusual yellowish brown or dark brown stains on their teeth. The authors hypothesize that long-term contact of the teeth with swimming pool water, as well as the mixture of oral fluids with swimming pool water, leads to the formation of these deposits. The authors report two cases of development of such stains.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Calcium Phosphates / analysis
  • Child
  • Dental Deposits / chemistry*
  • Dental Deposits / etiology*
  • Electron Probe Microanalysis
  • Female
  • Fluorides / analysis
  • Humans
  • Salivary Proteins and Peptides / analysis
  • Swimming Pools*
  • Tooth Discoloration / etiology*


  • Calcium Phosphates
  • Salivary Proteins and Peptides
  • alpha-tricalcium phosphate
  • tetracalcium phosphate
  • calcium phosphate, monobasic, anhydrous
  • calcium phosphate
  • calcium phosphate, dibasic, anhydrous
  • Fluorides