The current study was undertaken to determine whether intraislet somatostatin regulates glucagon or pancreatic polypeptide (PP) secretion in the human pancreas. A high-affinity, high-specificity monoclonal somatostatin antibody (CURE.S6) was used to immunoneutralize somatostatin in the isolated, perfused human pancreas. Single-pass perfusion was performed in pancreata obtained from cadaveric organ donors using a modified Krebs media with either 3.9 or 12.9 mM glucose. Sequential test periods separated by basal periods were performed with infusion of either exogenous somatostatin-14 (SS-14), CURE.S6, or a combined infusion. Infusion of SS-14 did not significantly alter glucagon or PP secretion during low-glucose or high-glucose perfusion. Immunoneutralization of intraislet somatostatin with CURE.S6 resulted in a significant increase of glucagon secretion under low-glucose conditions (delta X = 15 +/- 3 pM) (p < 0.05), but did not significantly effect glucagon secretion under high-glucose conditions (delta X = -2 +/- 3 pM) (p = NS). PP secretion remained unchanged during CURE.S6 infusion. Combined infusion of SS-14 and CURE.S6 did not significantly alter glucagon or PP secretion. The data suggest that intraislet somatostatin may have an inhibitory role in the regulation of glucagon secretion during low-glucose conditions and that intraislet somatostatin does not regulate PP secretion in the isolated, perfused human pancreas.