The release of dopamine in the striatum, nucleus accumbens, and olfactory tubercle of anesthetized rats was evoked by electrical stimulation of the mesolimbic dopaminergic pathway (four pulses at 15 Hz or four pulses at 200 Hz). Carbon fiber electrodes were implanted in these regions to monitor evoked dopamine overflow by continuous amperometry. The kinetics of dopamine elimination were estimated by measuring the time to 50% decay of the dopamine oxidation current after stimulation ceased. This time ranged from 64 ms in the striatum to 113 ms in the nucleus accumbens. Inhibition of dopamine uptake by nomifensine (2-20 mg/kg), GBR 12909 (20 mg/kg), cocaine (20 mg/kg), mazindol (10 mg/kg), or bupropion (25 mg/kg) enhanced this decay time by up to +602%. Uptake inhibition also produced an increase in the maximal amplitude of dopamine overflow evoked by four pulses at 15 Hz. This latter effect was larger in the striatum (+420%) than in mesolimbic areas (+140%). These results show in vivo that these uptake inhibitors actually slow the clearance of dopamine released by action potentials and suggest that dopaminergic transmission is both prolonged and potentiated strongly by these drugs, in particular in the striatum.