Chronic hemoptysis: an unusual manifestation of fungal sinusitis

South Med J. 1995 Jul;88(7):782-5. doi: 10.1097/00007611-199507000-00021.


A woman with chronic hemoptysis as her only complaint had extensive testing and did not respond to antibiotic therapy. Radiologic examination of the sinuses identified a mass which, on surgical exploration, was found to be the result of a fungus, Pseudallescheria boydii. Although this fungus is known to be a cause of epistaxis, this is the first instance in which it has been reported to cause hemoptysis.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Chronic Disease
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Female
  • Hemoptysis / diagnosis
  • Hemoptysis / etiology*
  • Humans
  • Immunocompromised Host
  • Mycetoma*
  • Pseudallescheria*
  • Sinusitis / complications
  • Sinusitis / diagnosis
  • Sinusitis / microbiology*