Structural basis of selective cytochrome P450 inhibition

Annu Rev Pharmacol Toxicol. 1995;35:29-53. doi: 10.1146/


Isoform-selective cytochrome P450 inhibitors have greatly facilitated the characterization of the catalytic specificities and pharmacological and toxicological significance of individual P450 enzymes in experimental animals and humans. Recent advances in elucidating the enzymatic determinants of P450 substrate specificity now make it possible to explore how complementary properties of inhibitors and their target enzymes dictate inhibitor selectivity. A thorough understanding of the basis of specificity should lead to the rational design of a new generation of structure-based cytochrome P450 inhibitors for use as probes and modulators of P450 function in vivo.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme Inhibitors*
  • Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System / metabolism
  • Enzyme Inhibitors / chemistry
  • Humans
  • Structure-Activity Relationship
  • Substrate Specificity


  • Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System