The beta-adrenoceptor subtype(s) mediating adrenaline- and dobutamine-induced blood pressure and heart rate changes in healthy volunteers

Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther. 1995 Mar;33(3):140-8.


In order to characterize the beta-adrenoceptor subtype(s) mediating blood pressure and heart rate changes induced by adrenaline and dobutamine, we compared the effects in healthy male volunteers of propranolol (5 mg i.v.) and of the beta 1-adrenoceptor selective antagonist bisoprolol (15 mg p.o.) on adrenaline- and dobutamine-infusion induced changes in systolic (P(syst)) and diastolic blood pressure (P(diast)) and heart rate with those on blood pressure and heart rate (HR) changes induced by "pure" alpha- or beta-adrenoceptor agonists (phenylephrine, selective alpha, terbutaline, selective beta 2, isoprenaline, non-selective beta 1 and beta 2). Both beta-adrenoceptor antagonists did not affect phenylephrine (0.25 -1.0 microgram/kg/min for 10 min) infusion induced P(syst)- and P(diast)-increases and HR-decreases. On the other hand, propranolol completely suppressed terbutaline (25-150 ng/kg/min for 15 min) and isoprenaline (3.5-35 ng/kg/min for 8 min) infusion induced P(syst)- and HR-increases and P(diast)-decreases while bisoprolol significantly attenuated only isoprenaline-effects but had nearly no effect on terbutaline effects. Thus, in these doses bisoprolol antagonized only beta 1-adrenoceptor mediated effects, propranolol both beta 1- and beta 2-adrenoceptor mediated effects, but both antagonists had no alpha-adrenoceptor antagonistic effects. Dobutamine (1.0-6.0 micrograms/kg/min for 15 min) infusion significantly increased P(syst), but did not significantly affect P(diast) and HR; bisoprolol markedly reduced dobutamine-induced P(syst)-increase. In the presence of propranolol, however, dobutamine caused P(syst)- and P(diast)-increases and HR-decreases. Adrenaline (20-120 ng/kg/min for 15 min) infusion increased P(syst) and HR and decreased P(diast). Bisoprolol did not affect P(syst)- and HR-increases, but significantly attenuated P(diast)-decreases.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Bisoprolol / blood
  • Bisoprolol / pharmacology*
  • Blood Pressure / drug effects*
  • Dobutamine / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Dobutamine / pharmacology*
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Epinephrine / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Epinephrine / pharmacology*
  • Heart Rate / drug effects*
  • Humans
  • Infusions, Intravenous
  • Male
  • Propranolol / blood
  • Propranolol / pharmacology*
  • Receptors, Adrenergic, beta / drug effects
  • Tachycardia / chemically induced*
  • Tachycardia / drug therapy


  • Receptors, Adrenergic, beta
  • Dobutamine
  • Propranolol
  • Bisoprolol
  • Epinephrine