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, 247 (5), 571-8

Transcriptional Interference Caused by GCN4 Overexpression Reveals Multiple Interactions Mediating Transcriptional Activation

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Transcriptional Interference Caused by GCN4 Overexpression Reveals Multiple Interactions Mediating Transcriptional Activation

N Tavernarakis et al. Mol Gen Genet.

Abstract

Overproduction of Gcn4p in yeast cells resulted in the inhibition of transcription from promoters controlled by the GAL4 or dA:dT elements. We have demonstrated that this effect is mediated through the activation domain of Gcn4p and that the function of the transcriptional activator at the affected promoter is impaired. The inhibitory effect of Gcn4p and that the function of the transcriptional activator at the affected promoter is impaired. The inhibitory effect of Gcn4p on these promoters persisted in yeast strains disrupted for the ADA2 and/or GCN5 genes, whose products are required for only part of the transcriptional activation capacity of Gcn4p and other activators, but was alleviated by overexpression of gamma TFIIB. These results support the hypothesis that general transcription factors become unavailable at certain promoters when an activator is overexpressed and strongly imply the existence of an Ada2p/Gcn5p-independent pathway of communication between acidic activators and the basic transcription machinery. In a genetic screen, we have isolated a mutation which neutralises the squelching effects of Gcn4p. This AFR1-1 (activation function reduced) mutation is dominant, it affects the transcriptional activation properties of a number of activators and results in lethality when combined with a gcn5 disruption. Our results suggest that the AFR1 gene product is involved in the mediation of transcriptional activation.

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