Heatstroke and other heat-related illnesses. The maladies of summer

Postgrad Med. 1995 Jul;98(1):26-8, 31-3, 36.


The spectrum of heat-related illnesses ranges from simple syncope to life-threatening heatstroke. Persons of all ages can be affected. Heat edema, heat cramps, heat syncope, and heat exhaustion respond readily to simple management techniques. Treatment of heatstroke must include aggressive cooling, adequate fluid and electrolyte repletion, maintenance of adequate cardiovascular performance, and prompt correction of any related or resulting complications.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Heat Exhaustion* / diagnosis
  • Heat Exhaustion* / prevention & control
  • Heat Exhaustion* / therapy
  • Hot Temperature / adverse effects*
  • Humans