Effects of oral contraceptives on nutritional status

Am Fam Physician. 1979 Jan;19(1):119-23.


Major effects of oral contraceptives on nutritional status are elevation of triglycerides, decline in glucose tolerance, an apparent increase in the need for folate and vitamins C, B2 and B6, and a decrease in iron loss. Women at greater risk of nutritional deficits due to oral contraceptives include those who have just had a baby, are planning to have a baby later, already show nutritional deficiencies, have had recent illness or surgery, have poor dietary habits, are still growing or have a family history of diabetes or heart disease.

MeSH terms

  • Blood Glucose / metabolism
  • Contraceptives, Oral / adverse effects
  • Contraceptives, Oral / pharmacology*
  • Female
  • Folic Acid / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Lipids / blood
  • Minerals / metabolism
  • Nutrition Disorders / chemically induced
  • Nutritional Physiological Phenomena / drug effects*
  • Proteins / metabolism
  • Pyridoxine / metabolism


  • Blood Glucose
  • Contraceptives, Oral
  • Lipids
  • Minerals
  • Proteins
  • Folic Acid
  • Pyridoxine