Winged Helix Transcription Factor BF-1 Is Essential for the Development of the Cerebral Hemispheres

Neuron. 1995 Jun;14(6):1141-52. doi: 10.1016/0896-6273(95)90262-7.

Abstract

We generated mice with a null mutation of the forebrain-restricted transcription factor BF-1 to examine its function in brain development. Heterozygous animals have an apparently normal phenotype. Homozygous null BF-1 mutants die at birth and have a dramatic reduction in the size of the cerebral hemispheres. The development of the ventral telencephalon is more severely affected than that of the dorsal telencephalon. Telencephalic neuroepithelial cells are specified in the BF-1 mutant, but their proliferation is reduced. Dorsal telencephalic neuroepithelial cells also differentiate prematurely, leading to early depletion of the progenitor population. These results suggest that BF-1 controls the morphogenesis of the telencephalon by regulating the rate of neuroepithelial cell proliferation and the timing of neuronal differentiation.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Brain / anatomy & histology
  • Brain / embryology*
  • Cell Differentiation
  • Cell Division / physiology
  • Cerebral Cortex / cytology
  • Cerebral Cortex / embryology
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / genetics
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / physiology*
  • Epithelial Cells
  • Epithelium / embryology
  • Forkhead Transcription Factors
  • Heterozygote
  • Homozygote
  • Mice
  • Mice, Mutant Strains
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Morphogenesis
  • Mutation
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins / genetics
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins / physiology*
  • Telencephalon / cytology
  • Telencephalon / embryology

Substances

  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Forkhead Transcription Factors
  • Foxd1 protein, mouse
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins