P300 asymmetries in focal brain lesions are reference dependent

Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol. 1995 Jun;94(6):432-9. doi: 10.1016/0013-4694(94)00332-f.


In 6 patients with lesions of frontal, parietal and temporal lobe, in 4 patients affected by primary progressive aphasia (PPA) and in 56 age-matched controls, event-related potentials (ERPs) to an auditory odd-ball paradigm were recorded with the linked earlobe reference (LER) and with a computer calculated average reference (AR), excluding the two linked earlobe derivations. Latencies, amplitudes and scalp distribution of the earlier ERP components (P1, N1, P2, N2) were within normal limits for both LER and AR recordings. P300 scalp distribution in patients was normal when LER was used. When P300 was recorded using AR, the scalp distribution was statistically different from normal distributions in all patients. A negativity, instead of the positive P300 observed in controls, was recorded in patients from leads corresponding to the affected hemisphere.

MeSH terms

  • Acoustic Stimulation
  • Aged
  • Analysis of Variance
  • Atrophy / physiopathology
  • Brain / pathology*
  • Brain Mapping
  • Brain Neoplasms / physiopathology*
  • Electroencephalography
  • Evoked Potentials / physiology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Reaction Time / physiology