Technetium-99m and indium-111 double labelling of granulocytes for kinetic and clinical studies

Eur J Nucl Med. 1995 Apr;22(4):330-4. doi: 10.1007/BF00941849.


A new technique of labelling granulocytes with both technetium-99m hexamethylpropylene amine oxime (HMPAO) and indium-111 in a single protocol was developed in order to exploit the advantages of each radiolabel in clinical and investigative studies. Fourteen patients were included in this prospective study. Granulocytes were labelled with both 111In-tropolonate and 99mTc-HMPAO. In vitro shape change assay and in vivo distribution and recovery studies were performed to assess the activation of and damage to these cells due to the labelling procedure. The comparative kinetics of 111In and 99mTc in the blood, liver, spleen, and bone marrow were studied by blood sampling and dual radionuclide imaging early (1 h) and late (24 h) after injection. The functional integrity of the double-labelled granulocytes and the feasibility of the technique were investigated in 14 patients with a painful prosthetic hip due to causes other than infection. The efficiency of double labelling was 63% (SD 14%) for 111In and 39% (SD 12%) for 99mTc-HMPAO. In vitro granulocyte activation and ex vivo recovery values were comparable to those from single radionuclide labelling. No artefactual granulocyte sequestration was seen in the lungs or liver. The radioactivity was distributed between the liver, spleen and bone marrow and, to a lesser extent, the lung. Early 99mTc counts in the liver, spleen and bone marrow, in relation to background, were significantly higher than 111In counts while the reverse was seen in late images.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Feasibility Studies
  • Female
  • Granulocytes*
  • Hip / diagnostic imaging
  • Hip Joint / diagnostic imaging
  • Hip Prosthesis
  • Humans
  • Indium Radioisotopes*
  • Isotope Labeling / methods
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Organotechnetium Compounds*
  • Oximes*
  • Prospective Studies
  • Radionuclide Imaging
  • Technetium Tc 99m Exametazime
  • Tropolone*


  • Indium Radioisotopes
  • Organotechnetium Compounds
  • Oximes
  • Technetium Tc 99m Exametazime
  • Tropolone