Visuo-spatial attention and psychomotor performance in elderly community residents: effects of age, gender, and education

J Clin Exp Neuropsychol. 1995 Feb;17(1):71-81. doi: 10.1080/13803399508406583.


In cross-sectional analysis of 1,799 subjects of the Paquid Research Program, an epidemiological study on brain aging conducted in the Bordeaux area (France), we have studied the effects of age, gender, and education level on psychometric tests requiring visuo-spatial focused attention and psychomotor performance. Although previous studies suggest that normal aging produces no significant change in focused attention, we did observe lower attentional abilities and lower speed of execution with increasing age. Female gender and low education level were also related to poorer attention and psychomotor performance. As the effects of these individual factors are difficult to disentangle from each other on the small samples of subjects used in group studies, epidemiological surveys seem useful to provide a better understanding of the neuropsychology of aging.

MeSH terms

  • Age Factors
  • Aged / psychology*
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Attention*
  • Educational Status
  • Female
  • Form Perception*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Psychological Tests
  • Psychomotor Performance*
  • Sex Factors
  • Space Perception*
  • Task Performance and Analysis