Prospective and retrospective reports of mood states before relapse to substance use

J Consult Clin Psychol. 1995 Jun;63(3):400-7. doi: 10.1037//0022-006x.63.3.400.


In a prospective design, it was predicted that the role of negative mood in precipitating relapses and crises among alcohol-dependent participants would be greater when assessed with retrospective mood ratings than when assessed by prospective mood ratings because of participants' attributional biases. This hypothesis was not supported. Support was found, however, for a relationship between negative bias and the amount of negative mood assessed at the time the retrospective report was given. As has been previously found, the most frequent precipitant of relapses and crises in this study was negative emotional states. Female participants were more likely to report interpersonal and less likely to report intrapersonal determinants than male participants. Minor relapses were more likely to be precipitated by social pressure and less likely to be related to negative emotions than major relapses.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Affect*
  • Aged
  • Alcohol Drinking / prevention & control
  • Alcohol Drinking / psychology
  • Alcoholism / psychology
  • Alcoholism / rehabilitation*
  • Bias
  • Female
  • Gender Identity
  • Humans
  • Internal-External Control
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Personality Assessment / statistics & numerical data
  • Prospective Studies
  • Psychometrics
  • Recurrence
  • Retrospective Studies