A 6-month multi-center evaluation of adjunctive tetracycline fiber therapy used in conjunction with scaling and root planing in maintenance patients: clinical results

J Periodontol. 1994 Jul;65(7):685-91. doi: 10.1902/jop.1994.65.7.685.

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy of scaling and root planing (S and RP) alone versus tetracycline fiber therapy used adjunctively with S and RP in the treatment of localized recurrent periodontitis sites in maintenance patients. A total of 113 patients receiving regular supportive periodontal therapy (SPT) were treated with whole mouth S and RP. Two non-adjacent sites in separate quadrants were selected in each patient for monitoring based on criteria that the sites were 5 to 8 mm deep and had a history of bleeding on probing. The chosen sites were randomly assigned to one of the two treatment groups. Probing depth (PD), bleeding on probing (BOP), and clinical attachment level (CAL) were measured at baseline and 1, 3, and 6 months. At 1, 3 and 6 months, adjunctive fiber therapy was significantly better in reducing PD (P < 0.05) and reducing BOP (P < 0.05) than S and RP alone. At 6 months, fiber therapy was significantly better in promoting clinical attachment gain (P < 0.05) than S and RP alone. Overall, these results indicate that fiber therapy significantly enhanced the effectiveness of S and RP in the management of localized recurrent periodontitis sites, in patients receiving regular supportive periodontal treatment.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Multicenter Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Arizona
  • Colorado
  • Connecticut
  • Delayed-Action Preparations
  • Dental Scaling
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Multivariate Analysis
  • Periodontal Index
  • Periodontitis / drug therapy
  • Periodontitis / therapy*
  • Root Planing
  • Tetracycline / administration & dosage*
  • Tetracycline / therapeutic use
  • Texas
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Wisconsin

Substances

  • Delayed-Action Preparations
  • Tetracycline