The course of myopia in children with mild retinopathy of prematurity

Vision Res. 1995 May;35(9):1329-35. doi: 10.1016/0042-6989(94)00227-d.


The courses of spherical equivalent in patients (n = 62) who had mild, non-cicatricial retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), and in those without a history of ROP (n = 25) were modeled as a linear function of age; an exponential model was also considered. A few (n = 5) without ROP have abnormal courses characterized by hyperopia in early infancy; none have poor acuity. Although the majority of patients with ROP have courses indistinguishable from those of term born controls, 27 (43.5%) have abnormal courses, most of which are toward myopia. Optotype acuities were significantly poorer among the ROP patients with abnormal than normal refractive courses. Thus abnormal refractive development and acuity deficits are associated in eyes that have had mild ROP.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Age Factors
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Humans
  • Hyperopia / etiology
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Linear Models
  • Myopia / complications*
  • Retinopathy of Prematurity / complications*
  • Visual Acuity